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Guide to Picking The Best Olive Oil

Guide to Picking The Best Olive Oil

When I first started dating my now husband of many years, I was often fascinated by the differences in his mother’s Italian cooking based on her heritage and experience. Her father was a first generation Italian immigrant who owned and cooked in his own restaurant in New York City. The food was not fancy. But it was always delicious and often accompanied by a story or explanation. Tossed salad was always served with dinner and eaten after the main course. On the table were two glass decanters with stoppers, one with ruby red liquid, the other a distinct green-gold. Yes, red wine vinegar and olive oil. 

Extra virgin olive oil is best for salads,” she explained, “because you are going to eat it and really taste it. Cooking oil (also olive oil) doesn’t have to be the same.” 

On the floor of her pantry was a large, rectangular, 3 liter container of extra virgin olive oil – used to fill the salad dressing decanter and whenever the olive oil should take center stage for its flavor. Long before a now famous television food personality first spoke the catch phrase, “EVOO,” Rita was well ahead of the trend.  

Extra Virgin Olive Oil 

Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is created by grind the olives into a paste, then pressing thewith a cold press process that does not include heat or any chemicals. Thinking about the phrase, “extra virgin,” it is not a far leap to equate this with purity. For these reasons, EVOO is perfect when the olive oil is playing an important flavor role such as in salads and dipping oils. 

Virgin Olive Oil 

Virgin olive oil is also produced with cold pressing. The main difference is in the quality or grading of the olives. A further distinction between virgin and EVOO by the United States Department of Agriculture is around the levels of free fatty acid content. EVOO is not more than .8% while virgin olive oil can be as much as 2%. 

Refined Olive Oil 

Refined olive oil can be made with the use of heat, and filtering techniques to produce a product that is lighter in color, has a longer shelf life and higher smoke point than other olive oils. This makes it a great choice for cooking since the flavor of the oil is not the focal point of the dish. Refined olive oil may have a percentage of virgin olive oil included for flavor. The price point of this product is likely far less than EVOO. 

Quick EVOO Italian Bread Dip 

Simply pour about ¼ cup of EVOO in a small bowl, mix in a pinch of salt, pepper, red pepper flakes (to taste), garlic powder, and parmesan cheese. Whisk and use a hearty, crusty Italian bread for dipping.  

 Like Fine Wine

Olive oils range in flavors in the same manner as wines. The variety of olive, where it is grown, how it is treated in the production process and even how it is packaged may all play a part in the final taste. Also, like wines, olive oils may have additional certifications on their labels from various agencies who conduct various tests to ensure the claims match the quality of the product. 

Click here for a great grilled crostini recipe and use your favorite olive oil! Switch up the toppings to fresh chopped tomatoes with basil for a seasonal and classic bruschetta. Mangia and enjoy! 

About The Author

Sharon MacGregor

Writing from her desk in New York, Sharon MacGregor is a contributing reporter, freelance writer, and blogger with a passion for human interest stories as well as meals shared with friends and family. Her blog, Fed Well includes recipes with upcoming tips to prepare foods for infants and toddlers, simple and seasonal cocktails, and easy modifications to create dishes respecting dietary restrictions including dairy and gluten intolerances. She loves entertaining for the ones she loves including her new grandbabies!

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